|E100-84: Philippians 4:2 - 4:9: Rejoice in the Lord - Dr Tim Bulkeley|
Unlike Paul's other letters Philippians seems disjointed which can make it difficult to read. Goodspeed wrote that: In chapter 1 he is making the best of his imprisonment; in chapter 2 he is sending Epaphroditus back to them; in chapter 3 he bursts forth against the Judaizers; in chapter 4 he acknowledges the gift Epaphroditus has brought him. Paul is usually much more orderly than this. Polycarp (c.60-150AD) writing to the Philippians mentions that Paul "wrote letters" (plural) to Philippi...
Keywords: E100; letters; Paul; Philippians
|E100-82: Galatians 5:16 - 6:10: The Fruit of the Spirit - Dr Tim Bulkeley|
Unlike the theological treatise in Romans, Galatians seems to be written to particular people known to Paul, and with a particular situation in mind - Jewish Christian preachers who were calling for restoration of Biblical Principles (observance of the Old Testament law). So after the greeting, Paul starts combatitively in Gal 1:6-10. In the light of this he needs to spend the rest of chapter 1 and all of 2 defending himself as an Apostle...
Keywords: E100; Galatians; Gospel; life; Paul; spirit
|E100-76: Acts 9:1 - 9:31: The Road to Damascus - Dr Tim Bulkeley|
"The Road" or "The Way" common Biblical picture language for a way of life or the direction we are "going", but it is also used several times in Acts (almost, or probably, only in Acts) as a name for being a Christian. It is a good name because metanoia, repentance, is about turning round and going a different way. Acts also is a book about journeys, with lots of individual voyages, and also the journey of the gospel from Jerusalem to Rome - from Jewish sect to global faith...
Keywords: E100; Acts; Narrative; Paul; Way
|E100-79: Acts 16:1 - 20:38 More Missionary Journeys - Dr Tim Bulkeley|
These five chapters describe Paul's second and third missionary journeys, amid many trips covering between them about a decade there are lots of exciting stories. The approach Paul took in Athens is of particular interest, it's a very early example of Christianity not merely translating but contextualising â expressing the message not only in the words but also the culture of another people. Paul use elements of Athenian culture - even their "unknown god" - despitebeing "deeply distressed to se...
Keywords: E100; Acts; Paul; missionary journey; acts; areophagus
|E100-80: Acts 25:1 - 28:31: Ending in Rome? - Dr Tim Bulkeley|
In the legal manouvreing at the start of this reading Paul quotes Isaiah: Listen and listen but not understand look and look but not see! But if the Bible is perspicuous (listen to The Perspicuity of Scripture) so is creation: we can't miss evidence of God, but sometimes we don't want to hear... And what a frustrating ending! How does Paul's story end? Luke presumably knew if Acts was written about AD 70 because these events had happened some 8 years earlier...
Keywords: E100; Acts; Paul
|E100-77: Acts 13:1 - 14:28: The First Missionary Journey - Dr Tim Bulkeley|
Paul's summarises the Old Testament story from a Jewish-Christian perspective as a world looking for a saviour. Then John showed that still "today" not just in ancient times people are looking for a saviour. Jesus not only died, but rose, and this is the keeping of God's ancient promises. In Jesus God fills out, fully, the hopes and promises of the past. In Jesus, we are set free from sin - sin is not a trendy term today, but we still suffer from living in a world that is wrong...
Keywords: E100; Acts; Paul; Sin
|E100-85: Colossians 1:1 - 1:23: The Supremacy of Christ - Dr Tim Bulkeley|
Colossians - like Ephesians and the Pastorals (1 & 2 Tim and Titus) - is often thought to be by someone copying Paul but itâs ideas (and some wording) seem to have been used in Ephesians, which would make it very early if it is not not really by Paul. I cannot understand the excitement over debating back and forward whether Paul wrote it. It is in the Bible, it is addressed a very early church, and has messages that are important for us...
Keywords: E100 Christ hymn; Christology; Colossians; hymn; letters; Paul
|E100-81: Romans 8:1-39 - Dr Tim Bulkeley|
Romans is a long letter, and the divisions between "sections" are often not clear. So the end of the opening greeting is not obvious somewhere in Rom 1:14-17, but where? Nor is it clear that the division between Rom 1 and Rom 2 is in the right place. [Remember that chapter divisions were only added to the biblical text in the middle ages.] But Romans is packed full of crucial theology. [Pun intended ;) ] Paulâs manifesto (Rom 1:16) sets up the book, and he continues to argue, first that Gentile...
Keywords: E100; Romans; Paul; epistle to the romans